25 May 2003
1 Timothy 2:5, John 1:1, Philippians 2:6 & Galatians 4:4
The Westminster Shorter Catechism
Q. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God’s elect?
A. The only Redeemer of God’s elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man, and so was, and continues to be, God and man, in two distinct natures, and one person forever.
The Westminster Shorter Catechism in Modern English:
Q.21. Who is the redeemer of God’s chosen ones?
A. The only redeemer of God’s chosen is the Lord Jesus Christ, the eternal Son of God, Who became man. He was and continues to be God and man in two distinct natures and one person forever.
1. Why is the Redeemer of God’s elect called the Lord Jesus Christ?
He is called the Lord because of His sovereignty and dominion (Acts 10:36). He is called Jesus because He is the Saviour of His people (Matthew 1:21). He is called Christ because He is anointed by the Father with the Holy Ghost which was given to Him without measure (Acts 10:38). He is fully qualified by God.
2. How does the Lord Jesus Christ redeem the elect of God?
He purchases them by His blood and rescues them by His conquest by spoiling principalities and powers. (1 Peter 1:18,19. Colossians 2:15)
3. What did the Lord Jesus Christ become in order to redeem God’s elect?
He became man but did not cease to be God. He became Immanuel, God with us.
4. Why was it necessary that He become man?
It was necessary in order that He might be capable of suffering death for man and that He might become their High Priest that could reconcile them to God (Hebrews 8:16,17).
5. How could Christ be both God and man?
Christ is God and man by a personal union. Both His natures are distinct, the divine nature is not subject to change and the human nature is not omnipotent.
6. Could some compact statements be given regarding the constitution of the Redeemer’s person?
J.B. Green has probably put it in the most concise way: “1. The reality of the two natures. 2. The integrity of the new natures. 3. The distinctness of the two natures after the union. 4. The oneness of the personality.”